Interleukin-17A (IL17A) is a proinflammatory cytokine critically involved in autoimmune diseases, and monoclonal antibodies of IL17A have been approved for clinical treatment of psoriasis. However, a usable psoriatic animal model has been always required for preclinical evaluation of IL17A antagonists. Imiquimod (IMQ)-induced psoriasis model is widely used in fundamental research, but it’s not able to accurately show anti-psoriatic effect of IL17A antagonists with conventional modelling condition.
On female C57BL/6 mice, with optimization on the usage of IMQ, positive control reagent and anti-mIL17A antibody, a 7-day model with proper testing window, acceptable disease severity as well as high repeatability was developed, and the efficacy of IL17A antagonist can be objectively evaluated by several qualitative and quantitative indices. Meanwhile, we validated the detailed involvement of IL17A signaling in disease progression, confirmed that the expression levels of IL17A and its related cytokines were induced by IMQ application, and its downstream cytokines can be inhibited by IL17A antagonist treatment. In further study, we revealed that IL17A was transient induced by IMQ and directly caused downstream signaling activation. This finding on the kinetical change of IL17A signaling will manifest the pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics investigation of IL17A antagonists.
Our work presents the application of a convenient psoriatic animal model in the research and development of IL17A antagonists, meanwhile providing extra evidence for understanding IL17A’s role in the progression of IMQ-induced psoriasis model, which manifest the research and development of IL17A antagonists.
BMC Immunol . 2021 Jan 28;22(1):11
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